PENGARUH JENIS PELARUT DAN WAKTU EKSTRAKSI DENGAN METODE SOXHLETASI PADA PENGAMBILAN MINYAK KEMIRI (Aleurites moluccanus)

  • Livando Novianto
  • Ahmad M Fuadi
Abstract views: 1576 , pdf downloads: 4063
Keywords: Candlenut oil; soxhletasi; n-hexane; time variation

Abstract

The candlenut plant is a plant that is used as a spice plant that produces oil with various benefits used in everyday life. The various benefits that exist in hazelnut oil make hazelnut oil popular with consumers in meeting their daily needs. This causes an increase in demand for hazelnut oil because the need is also increasing every year. Therefore, it is necessary to have an appropriate extraction method so that it can produce good quality hazelnut oil and maximum results. This research aims to determine the effect of the type of solvent and the most effective extraction time on the extraction of hazelnut oil using the soxhletation method. This research method is an experiment by varying the type of solvent, namely n-hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol, as well as time variations, namely 60, 90 and 120 minutes with the soxhletation process. The tests in this study were the yield test, density test and water content test. In this study, it was shown that the best solvent for extraction of hazelnut oil was n-hexane because it could produce 18.64% yield with an extraction time of 120 minutes and had a clear yellow color with a density value of 0.926 g/mL in accordance with the hazelnut oil criteria determined by SNI . Extraction time has a major influence on the yield obtained. The longer the extraction time, the more randemen produced. In this study the best time for extraction was 120 minutes.

Published
2023-03-31