PEMBUATAN SABUN PADAT EKSTRAK DAUN SUNGKAI (Peronema canescens Jack) SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI TERHADAP Staphylococcus aureus

  • Elis Diana Ulfa
  • Siti Syamsiah
  • Hajar Anuar
  • Carmila Nur Afriliani
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Keywords: Antibacterial, Sungkai Leaf Extract, Solid Soap, Staphylococcus aureus

Abstract

Soap is a mixture of sodium compounds with fatty acids that are used as body cleaning agents, in solid form, foam, or without additives. Solid soaps on the market have the color, shape, aroma and additives needed by the skin as well as active ingredients that are able to reduce pathogenic microorganisms on the skin. Antibacterial active ingredients against Staphylococcus aureus can be obtained from sungkai leaf extract (Peronema canescens Jack) because it contains chemical compounds such as alkaloids, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, tannins and saponins. This study aims to determine the physical properties of solid soap of sungkai leaf extract in accordance with the quality standards of SNI 3532: 2016 and determine the antibacterial activity of solid soap of sungkai leaf extract against Staphylococcus aureus. Sungkai leaf extract is added with volume variations, namely 0 mL, 5 mL 10 mL, 15 mL, and 20 mL. The resulting solid soap is physically tested and antibacterial tests against Staphylococcus aureus. The results showed that solid soap of sungkai leaf extract has physical properties in accordance with the quality standards of SNI 3532-2016 and can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The best results were obtained at the addition of 10 mL of sungkai leaf extract. The soap has a dense texture, the aroma of sungkai leaf extract is not too pungent, pH 9.8, foam stability is 87.80%, moisture content is 3.54% and the diameter of the inhibitory zone against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is 10 mm

Published
2023-03-31